What Were The Agreements Of The Cuban Missile Crisis


… Overall, his visit [Robert F. Kennedy] left a somewhat strange impression. He had not spoken about the future and the path to a settlement of the conflict, but had made a “psychological” exit, as if trying to justify the action of his brother, the President, and to blame us for his hasty decision in which he and he are clearly not entirely confident. EXCOMM agreed that the missiles would undermine the political balance. Kennedy had expressly promised the American people, less than a month before the crisis, “if Cuba were able to carry out offensive actions against the United States… the United States would act. [57]:674-681 The credibility of American allies and citizens would also be compromised if the Soviet Union appeared to correct the strategic balance by placing missiles in Cuba. Kennedy said after the crisis that “it would have changed the balance of power politically. It would have been like that, and appearances contribute to reality. [58] Historian William Cohn argued in a 1976 article that television programs are typically the main source used by the American public to know and interpret the past. [164] According to historian Andrei Kosovo, the Soviet media proved somewhat disorganized because they were unable to produce a coherent popular history. Khrushchev lost power and was cleansed of history.

Cuba was no longer presented as a heroic David against the American Goliath. A contradiction that permeated the Soviet media campaign was between the pacifist rhetoric of the pacifist movement, which highlights the horrors of nuclear war, and the militancy of the need to prepare the Soviets for war against American aggression. [165] Kennedy`s phone call into the Oval Office with Eisenhower, shortly after Orichchev`s news, revealed that the president was planning to take advantage of the missile crisis to escalate tensions with Khrushchev [135] and eventually Cuba. [135] The President also said that he believed the crisis would lead to direct military confrontations in Berlin by the end of next month. [135] He also stated in his interview with Eisenhower that the Soviet leader had offered to withdraw from Cuba in exchange for the withdrawal of the missiles from Turkey, and that the Kennedy administration had agreed not to invade Cuba,[135] but that they were only deciding Khrushchev`s offer to withdraw from Turkey. [135] After long and difficult meetings, Kennedy decided to establish a maritime blockade or a network of ships around Cuba. The purpose of this “quarantine,” as he called it, was to prevent the Soviets from bringing more military supplies. He called for the removal of missiles already on the ground and the destruction of the sites. On October 22, President Kennedy spoke with the nation about the crisis in a televised address. At 1600 EDT, Kennedy recalled EXCOMM members to the White House and ordered that a message be sent immediately to U Thant asking the Soviets to suspend work on the missiles during the negotiations.

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