End Of Cotonou Agreement


The implementation of the Cotonou agreement has been extended until December 2020. The agreement was originally due to expire in February 2020, but as negotiations on the future agreement are still ongoing, this has been delayed until the end of the year. Anyone interested in the agreement can submit comments or questions by email or mail at any time. For more information: info@forumsec.org Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat Ratu Sukuna Road, Suva, Fiji. Under the new agreement, the EU can be more selective and flexible in allocating and using its development resources. Endowments are based on an assessment of a country`s needs and performance and include the ability to regularly adjust financial resources. In practice, this means that more money can be paid to “good interpreters” and that the proportion of “bad interpreters” can be reduced. Finally, when it comes to respect for sexual and reproductive rights, the issue of LGBT rights is a real weakness of the partnership agreement. In recent years, laws that discriminate against LGBT people have multiplied, particularly in Africa. The foreign ministers discussed the Commission`s draft negotiating guidelines for the new partnership. They also expressed broad support for the Commission`s approach to reaching a framework agreement at the ACP level, in conjunction with three bespoke regional partnerships. The aim of this procedure is to return to a normal relationship between the partners.

In the absence of an agreement, the party that initiated the process can take action on cooperation projects and development assistance. Perhaps the most radical amendment introduced by the Cotonou Agreement concerns trade cooperation. Since the first Lomé Convention in 1975, the EU has not granted reciprocal trade preferences to ACP countries. However, under the Cotonou Agreement, this system has been replaced by the Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs), a new regime that came into force in 2008. The new regime provides for reciprocal trade agreements, which means that not only does the EU grant duty-free access to its ACP export markets, but also that ACP countries grant duty-free access to their own markets for EU exports. The EU funds most of its development programmes for ACP countries through the European Development Fund (EDF). These funds are not part of the EU`s overall budget. They are subject to internal agreement between the Member States meeting in the Council. After several months of interruption due to the COVID 19 pandemic, the 28-member European Union and the 79-member Organization of African, Caribbean and Pacific States (OACPS) resumed negotiations for a new agreement in June. Things have not been as simple as they were in 2000, when the Cotonou agreement came into force.

“Africa and Europe want to develop and deepen their relations. But the African side also wants its priorities to be taken more into account,” says John Maré, who, as a South African diplomat, has negotiated several agreements with the EU. The Council has adopted the negotiating mandate for the future EU-ACP agreement. Formal negotiations will begin at the end of August 2018, as stipulated in the current agreement. On 30 May 2018, at the ACP Council of Ministers, the ACP Group adopted its own negotiating position. The Council reaffirmed its intention to finalise the negotiating guidelines as soon as possible in order to be ready to begin negotiations with THE ACP PARTENAIRES countries by the end of August 2018, as envisaged in the current agreement. Concord`s vision for the future partnership agreement BETWEEN the EU and the ACP countries Due to the lack of consensus on the issue of migration, Member States are unable to agree on a mandate to open negotiations on the future partnership agreement with African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries.

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